What is Steel Fabrication

Steel fabrication has a major impact on our everyday lives; many of us do not even realise that if were not for steel fabrication we would not be living the way we do today. If you take an average working day as an example, you begin to understand how important this process actually is. On a morning many of us wake up from a steel fabricated bed, have our breakfast and place the bowl in a steel fabricated sink, get in our steel fabricated car or bike, cross the steel fabricated bridge and enter our place of work, which on many occasions is a steel fabricated building.

Despite these every day uses, it is still a subject that many know little about and the question “what is steel fabrication?” is one that is commonly asked.

How long has steel fabrication been used?

To answer the question “what is steel fabrication?” it is important to understand that this process is not a new one. The fabrication of various raw metals has been around for thousands of years and by many civilisations. The Romans and the Egyptians used fabrication techniques in order to produce tools and weapons and the industrial revolutions of the 17th and 18th centuries owe a lot to steel fabrication for helping people to understand the growth and commerce that can be created by using this kind of process. Some of the earliest historical records available are able to show elements of fabrication in use.

What is involved in steel fabrication?

Many people that ask “what is steel fabrication?” do so in reference to how the process is carried out and what is involved. Steel fabrication is basically the building of a steel structure created by cutting bending and forming.

Many steel fabrication companies will carry out projects based on engineered drawings provided by a client or a steel detailer working on behalf of the client for the fabrication company. The three main parts of steel fabrication are:

  • Cutting
  • Forming
  • Welding

Each of the three methods has different techniques that can be utilised to achieve the desired results.

The cutting process which is also known as the reduction process involves different methods of achieving the right size piece of steel for your project. Methods include:

  • Punching- uses a steel punch to remove a section of unwanted steel
  • Notching- shear blades are used to remove outside edges
  • Shearing- an upper and lower blade are used to cut and shape pieces of steel

Methods of forming include:

  • Roll forming- steel strips pass through a series or specially shaped roller dies
  • Stamping- a series of stamping stations are used simultaneously to form small steel pieces
  • Press braking- bends and shapes steel in different shaped pieces a specially shaped die

The most important part of “what is steel fabrication?” is the welding process. Methods of welding include:

  • TIG welding- commonly used for precise welding on lap, butt, fillet and T- joints
  • MIG welding- used on most types of steel and metal.




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